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Basey Assessment

Last week TESDA called me regarding the Basey Assessment.
They said that they will have an Assessment on Building Wiring Installation NC-II, They also mention that Samar Assessor are busy, so they ask me if im available for the Basey Assessment that will be held on Basey Western Samar on December 17-18, 2009.

Upon knowing this, I immediately agreed to them, even though im not sure, if im available. I accept that offer, cause im from Basey.

On that date also i Immediately Transfer 2 of my vacation leave to be sure that i shalld there.. hehehehehehehehe

im fell excited,

This is my first time to conduct an assessment on my hometown.

To my Assesee Study hard & GOOD LUCK..

So guys see you there.....

An Introduction to Photography.

Photography is a broad subject that eventually boils down to a mixture of art and science. Now, before we disappear down the "Is photography an art?" road I said it was a mixture and although the process of taking and processing a photograph is down to physics and chemistry the driving force behind it is often to some degree artistic or at least creative.
So, where do we start? Most books, at least the ones I have read, start with some history or "What is photography?" or something down that line. This is all very well and may interest you a bit later but right now what you probably want to do is take pictures, sorry, photographs. If you study at college or university they prefer the term "image " and get upset when you tell them you are going out to " take some pictures ". So we are going to start , where everyone really starts book or no book, at the beginning.

Common Issues on Copiers

First things first. That is, how does a photocopier work?

With modern digital copiers the images are first scanned into memory. This is different than with analog copiers which used lamps and mirrors to reflect the image onto the drum. Once the image is scanned it is then sent to the laser unit which charges (+/-Voltage in the same form as the characters stored in memory) the image onto the drum.

As the drum rotates the toner (which is of an opposite electrical charge) on the developer mag roller is transfered to the drum and then transfered to the paper as the paper passes under the drum and over the transfer roller / corona wire (this once again has an opposite charge to attract the toner) so the toner is left laying on the paper as the paper passes throught the machine.

Once this process is complete the paper continues on and passes through the fuser unit which melts / fuses the toner onto the paper with extreme high heat and pressure.

Copy Quality
Copy quality is affected by most items in the copier. If you have say spots on your pages in the exact same spot with each copy you more than likely have a spot on you copy glass which needs to be cleaned.

If you have a gray backgroung your looking at a little more complicated issue such as the drum blade not cleaning the drum properly but more than likely you have either a dirty or bad corona or a bad ground on the drum unit.

Lines running down the page can be dirty glass once again if using your ADF or the Drum blade is defective and need to be replaced. This can sometimes also be caused by the upper fuser roller which will have a scratch all the way around the roller which will be required to be replaced.

If you have spots on your copies and they are very random with no set patern then you are once again looking at a drum cleaning blade or possilby a doctor blade which is allowing the excess toner to spill out of the waste toner reservoir. If the spots have a set patern and falling consistanly in the same location down the page but seeming to move higher or lower, they you will have a spot on either your drum or your fuser unit which can be isolated by measuring the distance between the occurrances.
Another common issue is paper jams. These usually occur due to paper not reaching a sensor in the proper time and the machine times out and throws an error code. Refer to your operators manual on clearing paper jams. These are caused by dirty rollers which can allow the paper to slip prior to feeding. Another thing to look for is the rear plate guide in the paper tray which could be out of position and not holding the paper against the feed roller. The other common issue that causes paper jams is that the paper drawer was set for the wrong size of paper and the machine throws an error because the paper is either too short or too long for the tray selected.

Always try to make copies with your ADF or Cover down. If you leave them up you will have a very bright light flashing in your eyes but worse yet you will have solid black areas around your copies. This solid black area has a tendency to stick to the upper fuser roller (very hot) due to the excess amout of toner on the paper. Sometimes the paper will even completly wrap around the roller. Do not touch the roller, you will get burnt. Also remember to never try to remove this paper with a letter opener or scissors which will damage the upper roller and cause damage to the roller and require it to be changed.

These have been some of the most common and basic problems that you will encounter with your copier and probably covers more than 90% of all service calls.

Basic Repair On Copy Machine

The copy machine is indispensable to your office if you need to make duplicates of papers or documents regularly. There are two types of copier machines, a stand-alone copier or a copier as a part of an all-in-one printer (AIO). It is important to maintain your copy machine well because, like every machine, it is prone to depreciation in terms of functionality over a period of time through constant use. However, you can repair your copy machine and maintain it well without technical help and increase its longevity.

Here as some BASIC TIPS on Copier Repair


Look at the display on the copy machine screen to find the reason for any paper jam. The most common problem with a copy machine is the "paper jam" issue. Open the cover and see where the paper jam has occurred.


Remove the paper without disassembling the copier, if the paper is stuck in the machine. Try to remove it tactfully, rather than applying so much force to make it break or dislodge some parts of the machine unnecessarily.


Pull the sheet of paper out gently so it does not tear off. It is recommended to pull the paper in the direction opposite of the way it was stuck.


Check if there are any pieces of paper stuck or parts that were broken or damaged. If you see any part of the copier dislodged or broken, it is better to seek technical assistance.


Look for any error that reads "replace toner" message on the screen. If the machine is out of toner, you have to replace the old cartridge with a new one. Shake the new toner horizontally and place it firmly in the process unit of the copier.


Read the guide that came along with the copier. You will find the basic troubleshooting steps in the guide or refer to the Internet for solving basic or common problems. For basic errors, you do not have to call technical support.

When a copier repair is too little, too late

As with an old car, it is often better to replace your aging office photocopier than to try repairing it one last time. Although paper-jam free copiers have not yet been developed, models today are substantially improved over those available ten years ago. Ongoing copier repairs to an outdated model can turn out to be a waste of time and money.

Probably the most notable advance has been the introduction of digital copiers. Essentially, digital copiers work by scanning the sheet of paper to be copied and creating a digital image. This digital image is then used to create all the resulting copies. What this means in practice is that digital copiers do an excellent job of photocopying graphics and photos. It also means that there is less wear and tear on parts due to this "scan once, print many" technology. Moreover, the technology has been around long enough technicians are well familiar with copier repairs needed by digital models.

One nifty advantage of a digital copier is that it can be connected to your computer network. This allows you to turn it into a high-speed printer that can produce sorted and stapled sets of prints without having to leave your desk. With the right components, these copiers can also act as faxes and high-speed scanners.

If you decide that you want these advanced capabilities, it is critical that you work with a dealer that has adequate technical expertise on staff. Check on the number of networked installations that the dealer has handled and make sure that the technicians who worked on those implementations are available to work on your project.

Copiers cost anywhere from several hundred dollars to tens of thousands of dollars, depending on the copy speed and features. A personal copier design, which typically goes up to 10 copies per minute, can be found for less than one thousand dollars. These models are typically sold via office supply superstores, and usually can't handle the volume of even a small office. It's also difficult to get personal copier repairs – many technicians won't work on them.

Business grade copiers typically cost three to ten thousand dollars for a basic, no-frills model. While it may seem like a steep premium to pay for a copier that is simply faster, you also have the advantage of being able to get on-site copier repairs. This can translate into hundreds of dollars of savings when you factor in the cost of shipping malfunctioning equipment to a repair center.

The per-copy cost for business grade copiers is also significantly lower. While a personal copier will cost five to seven cents per copy, the cost drops to one to two cents per copy with a commercial-grade model. While this difference in per copy costs does not warrant the purchase of a business grade copier at low monthly copy quantities, given the upfront copier costs, it does pay off when you copy several thousand pages per month.

While it may not draw as many admiring glances as a new car, trading in your copying clunker for a new copier will certainly be met with office-wide approval. And you won't have to be on a first name basis with the copier repair technician.

Quick tips to help avoid copier repair:

Dress down. Remove all jewelry before trying to clear paper jams to avoid scratching sensitive components.

Authorized copier repairs. If your new machine does need service, make sure your repairs are handled by an authorized technician to protect your warranty.

Copy test. Compare reproduction quality by copying typical documents that you would copy at work.

UPS protection. Protect your purchase--buy an uninterruptible power supply to protect it from unexpected power surges.

PNP, AFP set rules to enforce martial law in Maguindanao

The Philippine National Police and the Armed Forces of the Philippines on Sunday came up with the rules of conduct to be observed by troops enforcing the widely-criticized imposition of martial rule in Maguindanao province in southern Philippines.

In a statement, the PNP and the AFP called the list of rules as the “Joint General Norms of Conduct of Police and Military Officers in the Field," which they said, regards the promotion and protection of human rights as topmost priority in their operation.

“The (rules) specifically state that due process of law must be observed at all times to safeguard the protection of individual rights as guaranteed by the Constitution," they said.

The rules are based on the PNP’s Police Operational Procedures and the AFP’s Rules of Engagement.

Other key points in the “Joint General Norms of Conduct of Police and Military Officers in the Field" are:

* Incidental injury to civilians and collateral damage to government and private properties should be minimized in all police and military operations.

* Team leaders of local police and national support units must observe inter-unit coordination at all times, including hot pursuit operations.

* All police intervention operations must be conducted with a marked police vehicle and personnel wearing the proper uniform led by a Police Commissioned Officer.

* Operating units must not use warning shots during any police intervention. All peaceful means must be employed.

* Excessive use of force should be avoided. But during armed confrontation, police may use reasonable force to overcome threat posed by the suspects. They should, however, make sure that innocent civilians are unharmed and caught in the cross fire.

* Moving vehicles may not be fired upon, unless there is probable cause that the suspects pose imminent danger to police and other people.

* After armed confrontation, the officer-in-charge should secure and preserve the site of the clash, evacuate the wounded, and account for casualties and arrested people while waiting for the police’s Scene of the Crime Operatives.

The police and military’s joint operations target armed groups supposedly hiding in different areas in Maguindanao to “resist government security forces and prevent authorities from taking over vital government functions that the local governments have failed to perform."

The operatives are also after the perpetrators behind the brutal killing of 57 people in Ampatuan town last November 23. - LBG, GMANews.TV

Arroyo to report on Maguindanao martial law Sunday night - DOJ

President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo will submit to Congress Sunday night her report on martial law in Maguindanao province, Justice Secretary Agnes Devanadera said Sunday.

Devanadera said they are still preparing and evaluating the inputs for the report that is due at 9 p.m. Sunday, or 48 hours after martial law was declared in the province.

“Nakatutok tayo sa preparation, evaluation ng mga kaso .... Sa ngayon, ang mahalaga ay ang ma-comply ng pamahalaan ang requirement ng Saligang Batas (We are concentrating on the preparation and evaluation of evidence gathered so far. For now, what is important is that we are complying with the Constitution)," she said in an interview on dzBB radio.

The 1987 Constitution requires that the President, after declaring martial law, must submit to Congress a report on the matter within 48 hours.

According to Devanadera, the report will include cases of multiple murder and rebellion that prompted Mrs. Arroyo to declare martial law.

She also hinted that the report will dispel fears of the possibility of declaring martial law in other parts of the country where private armies are rampant.

“All these actions that the government is doing are in accordance with the Constitution. The declaration of martial law in Mindanao is not a taste test for doing the same in other parts of the country," she added.

Devanadera also dismissed claims that the “looming rebellion" cited as basis for the military rule in Maguindanao is part of a political stage play just so Mrs. Arroyo will have reason to pardon the Ampatuans.

She said she is aware of speculations about "pardoning" the Ampatuans because it is easy to do so in a political case such as rebellion. The Ampatuans are known to be political allies of Mrs. Arroyo.

Commenting on the issue, Devanadera said: “Ah hindi, walang ganyan (Oh, there’s no such thing)."

Meanwhile, a report on dzBB radio Sunday said Shariff Aguak town has yet to normalize after the imposition of martial law.

The report said that while bus firms continued to operate and prices of basic goods in markets remained stable, the capitol remained closed while many gas stations have yet to reopen. - LBG, GMANews.TV

Bishops split over martial law in Maguindanao

Catholic bishops were split over President Gloria Arroyo’s declaration of martial law in Maguindanao, with some totally against and others approve of it with “reservations."

While Cotabato Auxiliary Bishop Jose Colin Bagaforo agrees with the declaration of martial law, he said he hopes there is no ulterior motive behind it.

"The elements of wide-scale violence are there ... The elements of general pubic safety and imminent danger to lives are there along with the elements of terrorism," he said in an article posted Saturday afternoon on the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines news site.

He added the element of civilian governance is "almost unreliable at present for justice to prevail."

Catarman Bishop Emmanuel Trance said Mrs. Arroyo’s declaration is “within her authority as commander-in-chief and brought about by a given situation like that in Maguindanao."

“I will disagree with it if is not warranted by the situation," he said, but added he presumes Mrs. Arroyo "made the decision with proper consultation."

“(But) for us who have experienced Martial Law under Marcos, we become very wary and alarmed when such a decision is made because a martial law declaration should only be an instrument of last resort when other legal means does not work as may be deemed in the case of Maguindanao," he added.

“We just trust that such declaration is only for Maguindanao and will be lifted as soon as possible and for no ulterior motive and within the constitutional limits," Trance said.

Former CBCP president and Jaro Archbishop Angel Lagdameo said he hopes the declared Martial Law in Maguindanao “will be limited to what is necessary in scope and will be very short in time and will not develop into further violence and violation of human rights."

Batanes Bishop Camilo Gregorio said he found martial law over Maguindanao okay but it should be "temporary."

Retired Lingayen-Dagupan Archbishop Archbishop Oscar Cruz criticized the declaration.

Cruz said placing Maguindanao under martial law is “a big shame that the Arroyo administration has allowed its own allies to become warlords, to have a lot of firearms and to form a big private army."

“Now, through the declaration of Martial Law, the administration confesses that it cannot quell or resolve the Maguindanao shenanigan by the use of standard forces and law," he said.

Cruz said martial law was an “overkill, over-reaction."

Lipa Archbishop Ramon Arguelles, a former military bishop, noted there is no rebellion ongoing in Maguindanao.

“There is a grievous criminal situation but which does not warrant martial law," he said.

Bacolod Bishop Vicente Navarra similarly said he does not see any sign of rebellion.

“As a matter of fact, it is strongly perceived the Ampatuans are protégés of the Arroyo government," he said.

Iloilo Auxiliary Bishop Gerardo Alminaza said he is “ambivalent" but said he hopes it will not be used to suppress evidence.

Fr. Victor Diolata, co-executive secretary of the Association of Major Religious Superiors in the Philippines, said the government needs to use the full force of the law and not use martial law in Maguindanao.

“There should be full protection of human rights including the writ of amparo for all the witnesses," Diolata said. - LBG, GMANews.TV

Martial law in Maguindanao may lead to Cha-cha, No-El, analyst says

The martial law in Maguindanao may lead to yet another attempt to change the country’s Constitution or worse, a no-election scenario, according to a political analyst.

Ramon Casiple, executive director of the Institute for Political and Electoral Reform, said President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's imposition of martial law following the November 23 massacre in Ampatuan, Maguindanao could be the first step toward Charter change (Cha-cha).

“The joint congressional session to deliberate on the proclamation may be used as an opportunity for Cha-cha. Alam mo naman itong administrasyong ito, hangga’t mailulusot, lulusot (You know this administration, it will wriggle out in any way it could)," Casiple said in an interview with GMANews.TV Saturday night.

The political analyst also said that while Mrs. Arroyo had already filed her certificate of candidacy for representative last Tuesday, this did not necessarily mean that she would turnover the presidency to her supposed successor.

“Being a congresswoman is different from being a president. I think Malacañang is just keeping its options on how to stay in power open," Casiple said.

Casiple likewise warned that the the imposition of martial law in Maguindanao could be Mrs. Arroyo’s way of testing the waters for the possibility of putting the entire country under military rule, and cancel next year’s elections.

“Warlords are not confined to Mindanao. All this administration needs is an excuse to project a national scenario of lawlessness," he said.

The timing of the declaration – barely five months before the elections – all the more raises suspicion on Arroyo’s move, according to Casiple.

“Late na ang martial law na ito. Dapat simula pa lang nagdeklara na kung gusto talaga nilang maaresto ang mga may kasalanan (This martial law is late already. If they really wanted to arrest the perpetrators, then they should have declared martial law early on)," he said.

Casiple said the administration should immediately place all suspects under government custody and dismantle all private armies in the area to ensure the public that it is sincere in its objectives in declaring martial law.

“You can do this in a few days. The longer the martial law stays, the more people become suspicious," he said. - ANDREO C. CALONZO, GMANews.TV

SC belies claim Maguindanao judicial system no longer functioning

The Supreme Court on Saturday belied Malacañang's claim that the court system in Maguindanao province had stopped functioning.

"The allegations that our judicial system is not functioning in the area has to be substantiated. As far as we are concerned, we have a functioning court here," Jose Midas Marquez, the high tribunal's spokesman, told GMANews.TV in a phone interview.

One of the reasons cited by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in issuing Proclamation 1959 imposing martial law in Maguindanao was the non-functioning judicial system in the province.

Marquez countered the Palace's claim, saying courts had been issuing orders and acting on motions filed before them in the days following the November 23 massacre of 57 civilians, which is being blamed on the Ampatuan clan.

“Nasaan ang failure of the judicial system doon (Where is the failure of the justice system there)?" Marquez said.

Marquez said that while it was true that judges in the area were taking precautions to ensure their safety, they never stopped performing their duties.

Nonetheless, Marquez said that the imposition of martial rule in Maguindanao "is the discretion of the President." But he said the move could be questioned through filing petitions before the Supreme Court.

Human rights lawyers under the non-government Center for International Law (CenterLaw) are set to file at the Supreme Court a petition questioning Mrs. Arroyo's declaration of martial law in Maguindanao.

Lawyer Harry Roque, chairperson of CenterLaw, said Mrs. Arroyo's move was unconstitutional because the Charter only allows the imposition of martial rule if the country is facing rebellion or invasion, and not a crime that can be considered as a mere "police matter."

“The Constitution limits the ground (to declare martial law) to rebellion and invasion. None of these grounds are existent," said Roque in a text message to GMANews.TV, referring to Article VII, Section 18 of the 1987 Constitution. - ANDREO C. CALONZO, JOSEPH HOLANDES UBALDE, GMANews.TV